There are two main categories of roof insulation; bulk and reflective insulation. Bulk insulation has millions of tiny air pockets and works by trapping air within its structure. Bulk insulation cannot be compressed as this will reduce its air pockets and compromise its insulating ability. This insulation works by reducing the conduction of heat flow between objects that are adjacent to each other. On the other hand, reflective insulation primarily affects radiation heat flow. It usually consists of a foil layer backed by a paper or plastic layer. Reflective foil needs to be kept clean for it to work properly, and the reflective side must be faced downwards. More recently, roof insulation has been designed to incorporate both bulk and reflective insulation for highest performance and insulating capabilities.
What is roof insulation made of?
Roof insulation is made from a number of different materials, depending on whether it is bulk and/or reflective insulation. The most common bulk insulation materials used are; glasswool, and polyester. At Pricewise Insulation we have a variety of glasswool and polyester roof insulation products to suite your homes, and desired thermal performance.
Glasswool insulation is the most common insulation material used in both residential and commercial building. Although glasswool has a stigma of being itchy and uncomfortable to install, recent technological advances have improved this and today many glasswool insulation products claim to be low-itch or itch free.
Glasswool roof insulation products include;
- Knauf Earthwool Ceiling Batts
- Pink Batts Glasswool Ceiling Insulation
- Bradford Hi-Performance Gold Ceiling Batts
- Bradford Black Hypoallergenic Ceiling
Polyester insulation is manufactured from recycled PET plastics such as drink bottles. Polyester insulation is bonded together by heat and no binder chemicals are added. This gives polyester its rigid, flexible and hypoallergenic structure.
Polyester roof insulation products include;
- Greenstuf Polyester Ceiling Insulation
- Bradford Polymax Thermal Ceiling Insulation Batts
Foil insulation has a reflective surface which creates a radiant barrier against heat transfer from the sun. It is important that foil insulation is installed correctly to ensure its full insulating capabilities are reached. The R-value of reflective foil insulation will depend on how it is installed and what climate you are living in. Roof foil insulation products available at Pricewise insulation include;
- Kingspan Air-Cell Insulbreak 70
- Sisalation Metal Roof Sarking
The following products combine both bulk and reflective insulation:
- Knauf Earthwool Roofing Blanket Roll with Foil Facing
- Fletcher Permastop Building Blanket Insulation
Should I install roof insulation batts or rolls?
This depends entirely on your own personal preference as functionally; both these forms are equally effective at insulating. The main difference is the way in which they are installed. Roll insulation, can be ‘rolled’ out between the ceiling joists without needing to be cut into segments. This is especially useful for ceiling spaces that have few obstacles and a large space to work in. However, if you have many obstacles and a small ceiling space area, insulation batt may be a more appropriate option. As batts are pre-cut, they are easy to install and cut to fit any space.